Lesson #6 - The PassoverSeries: God's Man Moses - Israel's Exodus From Egypt
The Salvation Of The Firstborn Ones / Chapter Twelve
1. In the midst of chaos God brings a new beginning for “all of the congregation of Israel”. – vss.1-3
The Passover was celebrated on the fourteenth day of the fourth month (Abib). cf. vs.6 with Deut.16:1
The focus of this feast was on REDEMPTION (Israel would be redeemed from slavery).
In its deepest sense it foreshadowed redemption from sin - - Christ Jesus is our Passover / 1Cor.5:7.
This sacrificial image is first introduced with Isaac’s question to his father Abraham, where is the lamb? – Gen.22:7.
2. The feast included the following specifications. – vss.3-11
Each household was to sacrifice an unblemished one-year old lamb at twilight on the fourteenth day.
The blood of the lamb was to be used to anoint the doorposts and lintel of each dwelling.
They were to eat the flesh of the lamb (head, leg and entrails), roasted with fire (not boiled).
The lamb was to be eaten indoors, with no bones broken (vs.46 & Jn.19:33 & 36) with unleavened bread & bitter herbs.
They were to eat their meal (leftovers were to be burned) in haste: with loins girded, feet shod and staff in hand.
All males eating of the Passover meal were required to be circumcised. – vs.44
3. Shortly following this meal, God would strike down the first-born in the land of Egypt. – vss.12-13
When I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague shall befall you to destroy you…
They were to remain in their houses until the morning (vs.22b).
This event would be a MEMORIAL and would be celebrated by Israel throughout the future. – vss.14-20
Additional details regarding the Passover and the feast of unleavened bread are provided in vss.42-51.
4. These instructions demanded strict adherence and obedience. – vss.21-29
Those who properly prepared for “the destroyer” (who would strike at midnight) would be saved.
5. The aftermath of the death of the firstborn. – vss.30-41
Among the Egyptian people, There was no home where there was not someone dead. cf. Ex.11:6
Pharaoh instructed Moses and Aaron, “Rise up and get out…take you’re flocks and herds…and go.” c.1446 BC
~ The children of Israel left immediately (with kneading bowls of unleavened dough strapped to their shoulders).
~ This entourage included a mixed multitude / rabble (vs.38 & Num.11:4) - - i.e., Egyptians who had inter-married.
~ With the gold, silver and clothing given to them by their Egyptian neighbors, Thus they plundered the Egyptians.
The Israelites (600,000 men plus women & children or about 2M) journeyed to Succoth and there they baked bread.
~ All the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt (with JOY/Ps.105:43). They had been in Egypt for 430 years.
The Consecration Of The Firstborn / Chapter Thirteen
1. The children of Israel were charged by God to, “sanctify to ME every first-born…man and beast.” – vs.1-2
They were commanded to keep this ordinance (the Passover feast) every year. – vs.10
2. Note vs.17 regarding God’s initial travel plans for Israel.
3. The bones of Joseph were transported with the Israelites, just as he requested. – vs.19 cf. Gen.50:24 and Josh.24:32
4. Jehovah God lead the way by means of a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night. – vs.21-22
? Your assignment for next week: read Exodus 14-15 4 regarding the pursuit of the Egyptians and The Song Of Moses.